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Strategy # 2: Model Close Reading of Complex Texts


Model how to read complex texts closely to determine:
a) what the text says explicitly
b) make logical inferences from it, and
c) cite the specific textual evidence in writing and speaking to support conclusions drawn from the text.

Step 1:
Determine what the text says explicitly and make logical inferences from it. Cite specific textual evidence (in writing or speaking) to support conclusions drawn from the text.

Step 2:
Determine central ideas or themes of a text and analyze their development. Summarize the key supporting details and ideas.

Step 3:
Analyze how and why individuals, events, and ideas develop and interact over the course of a text.

Step 4:
Interpret words and phrases as they are used in a text, including determining technical, connotative, and figurative meanings, and analyze how specific word choices shape meaning or tone.

Step 5:
Analyze the structure of texts, including how specific sentences, paragraphs, and larger portions of the text (e.g., a section, chapter, scene, or stanza) relate to each other and the whole.

Step 6:
Assess how point of view or purpose shapes the content and style of a text.

Step 7:
Delineate and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, including the validity of the reasoning as well as the relevance and sufficiency of the evidence.

Step 8:
Analyze how two or more texts address similar themes or topics in order to build knowledge or to compare the approaches the authors take.

Source: Just Read, Florida, Monthly Conference Call Resources, 2010-11

To go back to the Strategy 1, click here. To go on to the Strategy 3, click here.